ARTEMIA (TUZLA SHRIMP)
ARTEMIA (TUZLA SHRIMP)

 In the middle-grade pools, called hot water pools, a creature called artemia (salt shrimp) lives. Since this living water is fed by filtering, it makes a great contribution to the cleaning of the water in these pools. Coccochloris, one of the blue-green algae that grows in these pools, reproduces to a large extent, preventing the development of other living things and causing their death. Excess organic substances in the water affect the crystal size of the salt (Sodium Chloride) and cause a colored pollution in the crystals. A bacterium of the genus Halobacterium, which constitutes another important part of this system, is the predominant organism of the crystallization pools. These creatures need amino acids and they can meet these needs from artemia (salt shrimp). It prevents the accumulation of organic matter and facilitates evaporation. These biological factors have a positive effect on the quality of the salt.

The excess of Artemia in medium salinity and evaporation pools (hot water pools) ensures less cyanobacterial sludge formation and reduces particulate matter. In addition, the acids formed by the death of Artemia in the crystallization pools ensure the proliferation of Halobacteria formed in these pools. This situation causes less organic matter and red color to be formed in the crystallization pools and causes faster evaporation.

The most typical organism found in salt ponds is Chironomus salinarius, which is called the salt fly. Eggs and larvae of this species are abundant in salt ponds. Artemia adults of this species have been observed to adhere to their thoracopods and die in clumps.

There is a fish species called female carp in ponds with a bome degree of 4.0-12.00 salinity. This species has been found to feed on Artemia and mosquito larvae.
Artemia, which does not have the defense organs found in other living things, lives only in natural salt lakes and man-made salt flats. These creatures constitute a natural food source especially for Flamingos. However, artemia eggs that adhere to the beak and feet of these birds are transported to all lakes due to migration.

Artemia (salt shrimp) is a species that survives in evaporation pools at 6 to 35 degrees. It lays thick-walled winter eggs to survive at temperatures below 6 degrees Celsius and spends the winter in a dormant state. It is heat resistant from -270 to +100 degrees, which is not found in nature. The spherical eggs are thin, somewhat flexible and have brown shells. In winter, high bomelia is found on the surface of the water as a result of the lifting of the water. In this case, the eggs can be collected easily. Although their weight varies, there are approximately 200,000 eggs in a gram dry.
Eggs thrown into 3.00 – 4.00 bome degree salt water swell by absorbing the water they lost in about an hour, and the embryo, surrounded by a transparent brood membrane inside the shell, begins to develop. However, it needs light and oxygen to develop. The incubation period is between 40-48 hours. It actively begins life by tearing the transparent brood membrane. During the first 50 hours, they consume the yolks of their own eggs and do not need any external food. After this period, they need single-celled organisms. Larvae change their skin about 15 times and become Artemia within 1-2 errors. They move with their antennae while they are larvae, and when they grow up, they have 11 pairs of swimming legs, 10 pairs of gills, a pair of stalked eyes and a long abdomen that acts as a rudder during movement.

Artemia (salt shrimp) are female communities. However, it has been determined that they have been followed as male and female populations recently. Females carry a large egg sac between the body and tail. They lay 60-80 eggs at a time. They lay eggs 6-8 times during the summer and autumn.

Nutrition and respiration in these creatures depend entirely on the movement of their 11 pairs of swimming legs. Artemia, which hatches from the egg, has to swim constantly in its life for several months. Failure to swim for a short time results in his death.

It uses single-celled organisms as food and can be found in abundance in the salty environment where it lives. It collects these single-celled creatures, which it collects from the environment with the help of the fine hairs on its swimming legs, densely in a groove under its body. Thanks to the rapid movement of its legs, it moves this pile from the back to the front and pushes it towards the mouth. Therefore, it filters the particulate matter that will discolor the salt and ensures the formation of higher quality salt crystals. In this process, it slides in the water with the water movements that occur around its legs.

Artemia (salt shrimp) breathes by using dissolved oxygen in its environment with ten pairs of gills, ten of which are located in front of 11 pairs of legs in salt water pools. The blood pigment that traps oxygen is just like in vertebrates. In artemia, blood cells ensure the diffusion of nutrients into the body. Thanks to their ability to adjust the hemoglobin density in their blood, they can survive in extremely salty waters where the oxygen in the water is very low, even on crystallized salt clusters.

Artemias are red in low oxygen waters and cream or white in high oxygen waters.
Artemia is an important food source for artificial breeding of marine and freshwater fish. The fatty acid is harmless if appropriate, but can be lethal to many fish larvae if it contains large fatty acids.